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Causes Of Miscarriage In Second Trimester: A Complete Fact Sheet

Causes Of Miscarriage In Second Trimester: A Complete Fact Sheet

There are many different causes of miscarriage in second trimester. Some causes are due to the mother’s health, while others are due to problems with the pregnancy itself. One of the most common causes of second-trimester miscarriages is a condition called placenta Previa. This is when the placenta, which provides nourishment to the developing baby, grows too close to the mother’s cervix. This can cause bleeding during pregnancy, and if it is severe, it can lead to a miscarriage.

Just like there are healthy signs of pregnancy there are also some reasons behind early pregnancy loss. Another common cause of second-trimester miscarriages is a condition called placental abruption. This is when the placenta begins to separate from the wall of the uterus and can cause bleeding. This can be a very dangerous condition for both the mother and the baby, and can often lead to a miscarriage.

Reasons behind most miscarriages and early pregnancy loss

If you have had a previous miscarriage, you are at an increased risk of having another one. Other risk factors for miscarrying in the second trimester include being over the age of 35, being African American, smoking cigarettes, and having certain medical conditions such as diabetes or high blood pressure.

If you are miscarrying in the second trimester, it is essential to seek medical help right away. While nothing can be done to prevent a miscarriage, getting early medical treatment can help ensure that you and your baby are as healthy as possible.

There are a variety of causes that can lead to miscarrying in the second trimester. While some causes may be out of your control, there are often things that you can do to help reduce your risk. Some of the most common causes of second trimester miscarriages include:

  1. Placental problems
  2. Infection
  3. Hormone imbalances
  4. Chronic health conditions
  5. Genetic abnormalities
  6. Smoking
  7. Alcohol use
  8. Exposure to toxins
  9. Stress
  10. Being over age
  11. Diabetes
  12. Blood pressure
  13. Overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)
  14. Underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)
  15. Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)
  16. Polycystic ovary syndrome

Placental problems

The placenta is responsible for providing nutrients and oxygen to your developing baby. If the placenta isn’t functioning properly, it can lead to a miscarriage. There are a number of placental problems that can lead to miscarriage during the second trimester. One common problem is placenta previa, which occurs when the placenta covers the cervix. This can cause problems in the cervix, it is called incompetent cervix.

Placental problems can become causes of miscarriage in second trimester
Weakened cervix and incompetent cervix are also the causes of early or late miscarriage.

This can cause bleeding and other complications, leading to a miscarriage. Other placental problems include abruption (when the placenta tears away from the uterine wall) and preeclampsia (a condition characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine). These problems can all lead to a miscarriage, so it’s important to be aware of them and get treatment if necessary.

Infection

An infection in your uterus can cause inflammation and damage the lining of the uterus, making it difficult for a pregnancy to continue. Infection is one of the leading causes of miscarriage in the second trimester. While a healthy pregnancy is possible even if you have an infection, there are certain risk factors that can increase your chances of miscarrying. These include:

  • Having an infection during pregnancy
  • Having a history of recurrent miscarriages
  • Being of advanced maternal age
  • Having a history of uterine abnormalities

If you are pregnant and have any of these risk factors, it is important to speak with your doctor about ways to reduce your risk of miscarrying.

Hormone imbalances

If your body isn’t producing enough progesterone, it can cause the uterine lining to thin, making a miscarriage more likely. Hormone imbalances are one of the main causes of miscarriages during the second trimester. When there is an imbalance of hormones, it can cause the development of the baby to be disrupted, which can lead to a miscarriage.

The development of the fetus becomes disrupted when the levels of progesterone and estrogen are not in sync. When this happens, it can lead to a miscarriage.

Hormone imbalances can also cause the placenta to detach from the uterus, which can also lead to a miscarriage. If you are pregnant and have experienced any type of hormone imbalance, it is important to talk to your doctor right away. They will be able to monitor you and your pregnancy closely to help prevent a miscarriage.

Chronic health conditions

There are a number of underlying health condition that can lead to early or late miscarriages. If you have any of these chronic health conditions, it is important to speak with your doctor about how to best manage your condition during pregnancy.

There are a variety of treatments and precautions that can be taken to help reduce the risk of miscarrying. The American Pregnancy Association lists some of the most common chronic health conditions that can cause miscarriage:

  1. Diabetes
  2. High blood pressure
  3. Thyroid problems
  4. Lupus
  5. Autoimmune disorders

Diabetes

There is no one-size-fits-all answer to this question, as the effect of Chronic Diabetes on miscarriage rates can vary depending on the individual. However, according to the American Pregnancy Association, women with diabetes are more likely to experience early or late miscarriages than women without the condition. If you have diabetes and are pregnant, try to maintain your sugar level to prevent any unfortunate happening.

High blood pressure

Most miscarriages occur when the immune system is unable to function properly. When this happens, the body is unable to protect the fetus from infection or other complications. High blood pressure can interfere with the normal functioning of the immune system, making it more likely for miscarriages to occur.

High or low blood pressure is also one of the causes of miscarriage in second trimester
Monitor blood pressure in early pregnancy to prevent miscarriage.

In addition, high blood pressure can also cause problems with the placenta, the organ that provides nutrients and oxygen to the fetus. If the placenta is not functioning properly, it can lead to fetal death.

Thyroid problems

Thyroid problems are one of the leading causes of miscarriage in the second trimester. When the thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough hormones, it can cause the fertilized egg to develop abnormalities. This can lead to birth defects and even stillbirth. If you suspect you have a thyroid problem, it’s important to get treatment right away.

Lupus

Lupus is a systemic autoimmune disease that can affect various organs and systems in the body, including the reproductive system. It can cause a luteal phase defect, which is a disruption in the normal hormonal balance during the second half of the menstrual cycle. This can lead to infertility and miscarriage. In pregnant women with lupus, the risk of miscarriage is increased, especially during the second trimester.

Autoimmune disorders

Autoimmune disorders are a leading cause of baby deaths during the second trimester of pregnancy. These disorders cause the body to attack and kill its own healthy cells, tissues, and organs. This can become a leading reason for which miscarriages happen, as the baby’s developing cells are destroyed. In some cases, the mother may also be at risk for complications during pregnancy.

Genetic abnormalities

Chromosomal abnormalities and an abnormally shaped womb are two potential causes of miscarriage in the second trimester. If the chromosomal makeup of the fetus is not normal, it may be unable to develop properly or survive outside the womb. An abnormally shaped womb can prevent the fetus from developing properly or cause problems with the placenta, which can lead to miscarriage.

However, these problems can be sought out with surgical treatment and by following a healthy diet. If you have had consecutive miscarriages, it is important to speak with a doctor to rule out any potential underlying causes.

Smoking

Miscarriage is most common in the first trimester of pregnancy, but it can also occur in the second trimester. Smoking is a major risk factor for miscarriage, and pregnant people who smoke are more likely to miscarry than those who don’t smoke.

Smoking is one of the causes of miscarriage in second trimester
Smoking can lead to fetal abnormalities.

There are many reasons why smoking is harmful to pregnant people and their babies. Smoking increases the risk of most miscarriages and is also linked to other problems such as preterm birth, low birth weight, and placental abruption.

Smoking is harmful to pregnant people because it:

  • Reduces the amount of oxygen that reaches the baby.
  • Increases the risk of placental abruption (when the placenta detaches from the uterus).
  • Increases the risk of preterm labor.
  • Reduces the baby’s birth weight.

Pregnant people who smoke are more likely to miscarry than those who don’t smoke. If you’re pregnant and smoking, quitting is the best thing you can do for your health and your baby’s health. And to prevent miscarriages. Talk to your doctor about ways to quit smoking.

Alcohol use

There are many health problems that can arise from drinking alcohol, including an increased risk of miscarrying during the second trimester of pregnancy. Alcohol use can also lead to other illicit drugs, which can further increase the risk of health complications.

It is important to be aware of the risks associated with drinking alcohol, especially if you are pregnant or planning to become pregnant. If you are concerned about your alcohol use, please speak with a health care professional.

Exposure to toxins

There are a number of potential causes for repeat miscarriages, and exposure to toxins is one of them. Studies have shown that exposure to certain toxins can increase the risk of miscarrying in the second trimester. Exposure to things like lead or mercury can damage the developing baby and lead to a miscarriage.

Bacterial vaginosis is a common infection that can occur during pregnancy. This infection is caused by an overgrowth of bacteria in the vagina. Studies have shown that women with bacterial vaginosis are more likely to miscarry in the second trimester than women without this infection.

Genital herpes is another infection that can occur during pregnancy. This virus is transmitted through sexual contact and can cause repeat miscarriages. Women who have genital herpes are at a higher risk of miscarrying in the second trimester than women who do not have this infection.

Repeat miscarriages, bacterial vaginosis, and genital herpes are all potential causes of exposure to toxins that can lead to a second-trimester miscarriage.

Stress

There are many possible causes of pregnancy loss, but one of the most common is stress. When a woman is under a lot of stress, her body may not be able to properly support the pregnancy, which can lead to miscarriage.

There are many things that can cause stress during pregnancy, including financial worries, relationship problems, work stress, and pregnancy itself. If you are feeling stressed, there are some things you can do to help manage your stress levels. These include talking to someone you trust about your worries, practicing relaxation techniques such as yoga or meditation, and getting regular exercise.

Stress is also one of the causes of miscarriage in second trimester
Stress is also one of the causes of miscarriage in second trimester.

If you have had a pregnancy loss, it is important to remember that it is not your fault. Pregnancy loss is a common experience, and it is not something that you can control. If you are trying to get pregnant again, there are some things you can do to reduce your risk in your next pregnancy. These include talking to your doctor about your previous pregnancy loss, using birth control to space out your pregnancies, and getting early prenatal care.

Being over age

Being over age is a cause of miscarriage in the second trimester. cervical incompetence and recurrent miscarriage are other possible causes. systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is also a potential cause.

The specific age at which this becomes a risk factor varies depending on the individual woman’s health, her reproductive history, and other factors. However, generally speaking, being over the age of 35 is a risk factor for miscarriage during the second trimester.

There are several potential reasons why being over age may increase the risk of miscarriage during the second trimester. One possibility is cervical incompetence. This is a condition in which the cervix (the opening of the uterus) is not strong enough to support a pregnancy. This can cause the cervix to open prematurely, leading to a miscarriage.

Another possible reason for an increased risk of miscarriage in older women is recurrent miscarriage. This is when a woman has had two or more spontaneous abortions (miscarriages that occur without any known cause). recurrent miscarriages are more common in older women, and they may be a sign of underlying health problems that make it difficult to carry a pregnancy to term.

Systemic lupus erythematosus (SLE) is another potential cause of second-trimester miscarriage in older women. SLE is an autoimmune disorder that can cause a wide range of symptoms, including fatigue, joint pain, and organ damage. Women with SLE are at an increased risk for miscarrying during the second trimester.

Overall, being over age is a risk factor for miscarriage during the second trimester.

Overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism)

Overactive thyroid gland (hyperthyroidism) can be a cause of miscarriage in pregnant women. This is because the overactive thyroid gland produces too much of the hormone thyroxine, which can interfere with the development of the baby. hyperthyroidism can also lead to preterm labor and low birth weight. If you are a pregnant person and have an overactive thyroid gland, it is important to talk to your doctor about your risk of miscarrying.

Underactive thyroid gland (hypothyroidism)

recurrent miscarriage is defined as the loss of three or more consecutive pregnancies. It can be a devastating experience for couples who are trying to conceive, and it can also be a sign of underlying health problems. One potential cause of recurrent miscarriage is an underactive thyroid gland, also known as hypothyroidism. This condition occurs when the

The thyroid gland doesn’t produce enough of the hormone thyroxine. Thyroxine is responsible for regulating the body’s metabolism, and an imbalance can lead to a host of problems, including recurrent miscarriage. There are a number of reasons why an underactive thyroid gland can cause recurrent miscarriage.

One is that it can cause the lining of the uterus to thin, making it more difficult for a pregnancy to implant and thrive. Additionally, an underactive thyroid can cause problems with the placenta, which is essential for providing nutrients and oxygen to the developing baby.

Finally, hypothyroidism can lead to preeclampsia, a condition characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine. Preeclampsia can be dangerous for both mother and baby, and it is a leading cause of premature delivery.

If you have experienced recurrent miscarriages, it is important to speak to your doctor about the possibility of an underlying thyroid condition. With treatment, it is often possible to successfully carry a pregnancy to term.

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS)

Antiphospholipid syndrome (APS) is an autoimmune disorder that can cause problems during pregnancy. APS can lead to miscarriage, pre-eclampsia, and premature delivery. Miscarriage is the most common complication of APS. About 50-60% of women with APS will miscarry in their first pregnancy. The risk of miscarriage decreases with each successive pregnancy but remains higher than the risk in women without APS.

There are several possible explanations for why APS leads to an increased risk of miscarriage. One theory is that antibodies produced in response to phospholipids attack and destroy placental tissue. This can lead to placental insufficiency, a condition in which the placenta does not provide adequate nutrition and oxygen to the developing fetus.

Another theory is that APS leads to inflammation of the blood vessels in the placenta. This can restrict blood flow and lead to placental damage. APS can also cause pre-eclampsia, a condition that can occur during pregnancy and is characterized by high blood pressure and protein in the urine. Pre-eclampsia can lead to serious complications for both the mother and the baby.

Polycystic ovary syndrome

Polycystic ovary syndrome (PCOS) is a common hormone disorder that can affect women of childbearing age. Women with PCOS may have irregular or no menstrual periods, and they may have excess androgen (male hormones). PCOS can also cause problems with fertility and an increased risk for certain types of pregnancy complications, such as miscarriage in the second trimester.

There are a variety of possible causes of PCOS, but the exact cause is unknown. It is thought to be a combination of genetic and environmental factors. Women with PCOS are more likely to have a mother or sister with the condition. PCOS is also associated with obesity, insulin resistance, and inflammation.

PCOS can be a difficult condition to manage, but there are treatments available that can help. If you think you may have PCOS, talk to your doctor about the best way to manage your symptoms.

PCOS is one of the common causes of miscarriage in second trimester. Women with PCOS are more likely to miscarry in the second trimester than women without the condition. PCOS is thought to contribute to miscarriage by causing changes in the lining of the uterus that make it less hospitable for a pregnancy to implant and grow. PCOS is also associated with an increased risk for pre-eclampsia, a condition that can lead to miscarriage.

Conclusion

All in all, it is a detailed description of what and how different causes lead to early pregnancy loss. Whenever a women see pregnancy symptoms she must visit the doctor or midwife to discuss and have an expert view of the pregnancy progresses. If she is suffering from any of the upper mentioned issues she must discuss it with the doctor to prevent miscarriage and enjoy successful pregnancy.

Abdominal pain, food poisoning, systemic lupus erythematosus, cervical insufficiency, chromosomal abnormality, and cervical incompetence are also the reasons for early miscarriages. After reading this article you must be aware of all these causes and take preventive measures with the help of expert doctors to avoid early miscarriage.

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About The Author

Qurratulain Nabeel

This is QURRATULAIN - an M.Phil in Applied Psychology. Being a mother of two I tried to put my knowledge into practice, which proved very beneficial for me. By using the platform of Mychildwellbeing.com I am so pleased to share my experience with people all around the world.

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